פתיחת התפריט הראשי

שינויים

המשך עבודה על טיוטה
* הסכסוכים הכלולים ברשימה הינם התפרצויות אלימות נפרדות עם לפחות 100 הרוגים סך-הכל. סכסוכים ו[[מלחמה|מלחמות]] משניים מופיעים בסעיף פירוט של סכסוכים מורכבים.
* המושג "[[מודרני]]" מתייחס למזרח התיכון שלאחר תקופת [[האימפריה העותמאנית]], קריא לאחר 1918.
 
 
==רשימת סכסוכים ==
| align=center | 1924–1927
| [[המרד הדרוזי]]
<ref name=warstat6>{{cite web|url=http://users.erols.com/mwhite28/warstat6.htm |title=Twentieth Century Atlas – Death Tolls |publisher=Users.erols.com |date= |accessdate=2011-02-01}}</ref>
| [[קובץ:Lebanese French flag.svg|23px]] מנדט [[לבנון הגדולה]], [[קובץ:Flag of Jabal ad-Druze (state).svg|23px]] מדינת דרוזים (מנדט), [[קובץ:Latakiya-sanjak-Alawite-state-French-colonial-flag.svg|23px]] מדינת עלווים (מנדט), [[קובץ:Flag_of_Syria_French_mandate.svg|23px]] מדינת סוריה (מנדט)
| align=right | 8,000-12,000
| align=center | 1929
|| [[מאורעות תרפ"ט]]
<ref>Great Britain, 1930: Report of the Commission on the disturbances of August 1929, Command paper 3530 (Shaw Commission report), p. 65.</ref><ref>NA 59/8/353/84/867n, 404 Wailing Wall/279 and 280, Archdale Diary and Palestinian Police records.</ref>
|| [[קובץ:Palestine-Mandate-Ensign-1927-1948.svg|23px]] [[המנדט הבריטי]]
| align=right | 251
| align=center | 1930
| [[מרד אררט]]
<ref name="Cumhurıyetı16">Yusuf Mazhar, ''Cumhuriyet'', 16 Temmuz 1930, ''... Zilan harekatında imha edilenlerin sayısı 15,000 kadardır. Zilan Deresi ağzına kadar ceset dolmuştur...''</ref><ref name="Kahraman211">Ahmet Kahraman, ''ibid'', p. 211, ''[[Ağrı|Karaköse]], 14 (Özel muhabirimiz bildiriyor) ...''</ref><ref name="Ayse">[[Ayşe Hür]], [http://www.taraf.com.tr/haber/osmanlidan-bugune-kurtler-ve-devlet-4.htm "Osmanlı'dan bugüne Kürtler ve Devlet-4"], ''[[Taraf]]'', October 23, 2008, Retrieved August 16, 2010.</ref><ref>M. Kalman, ''Belge, tanık ve yaşayanlarıyla Ağrı Direnişi 1926–1930'', Pêrî Yayınları, İstanbul, 1997, {{ISBN|975-8245-01-5}}, p. 105.</ref><ref>"Der Krieg am Ararat" (Telegramm unseres Korrespondenten) ''[[Berliner Tageblatt]]'', October 3, 1930, "... die Türken in der Gegend von Zilan 220 Dörfer zerstört und 4500 Frauen und Greise massakriert."</ref>
| {{דגל|טורקיה}} [[טורקיה]], [[קובץ:Flag of the Republic of Ararat.svg|23px]] רפובליקת ארראט
| align=right | 4,500-47,000
| align=center | 1933
| [[טבח סימל]]
<ref name=dtic>[http://www.dtic.mil/cgi-bin/GetTRDoc?AD=ADA405080]</ref>
| [[קובץ:Flag of Iraq (1921–1959).svg|23px]] [[בית המלוכה העיראקי|ממכלת עיראק]]
| align=right | 300
| align=center | 1934
| [[מלחמת סעודיה-תימן]]
<ref name=guo>Rongxing Guo. ''Cross border resource management, theory and practice''. Ed. S.V.Krupa. Elsevier, 2005: p.115.</ref>
| [[קובץ:Flag of the Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen.svg|23px]] ממלכת מוטאווקילים בתימן, {{דגל|ערב הסעודית}} [[ערב הסעודית]]
| align=right | 2,100
| align=center | 1935
| [[מרד במקדש אימאם רזה]]
<ref>[http://books.google.co.il/books?id=8eUTLaaVOOQC&pg=PA140&lpg=PA140&dq=1935+imam+reza+shrine+killed&source=bl&ots=vARKxs9xgG&sig=964u708QgDsrS7gT4gdYIAE-QGw&hl=iw&ei=6LWITujrFrD74QSImpiSDw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=8&ved=0CGQQ6AEwBw#v=onepage&q=1935%20imam%20reza%20shrine%20killed&f=false]</ref>
| [[קובץ:State Flag of Iran (1925).svg|23px]] [[איראן|שושלת פהלווי]]
| align=right | 151
| align=center | 1935
| [[מרד היזידים]]
<ref name="dtic"/>
| [[קובץ:Flag of Iraq (1921–1959).svg|23px]] [[בית המלוכה העיראקי|ממכלת עיראק]]
| align=right | 200
| align=center | 1936–1939
| [[מאורעות תרצ"ו-תרצ"ט]]
<ref name=davidcharles>{{cite web|url=http://www.davidcharles.info/2010/12/200-years-of-conflict-very-british.html |title=200 Years of Conflict: A Very British Century 1910–2010 |publisher=David Charles.info |date=2010-12-31 |accessdate=2011-02-01}}</ref>
| [[קובץ:Palestine-Mandate-Ensign-1927-1948.svg|23px]] [[המנדט הבריטי]]
| align=right | 5,000
| align=center | 1937
| [[מרד דרסים]]
<ref>David McDowall, ''A Modern History of the Kurds'' I.B.Tauris, 2002, {{ISBN|978-1-85043-416-0}}, p. 209.</ref><ref>[http://www.pen-kurd.org/almani/haydar/Dersim-PresseerklC3A4rungEnglish.pdf]</ref>
| {{דגל|טורקיה}} [[טורקיה]]
| align=right | 40,000-70,000
| align=center | 1939–1945
| [[מרחב הים התיכון והמזרח התיכון במלחמת העולם השנייה]]
<ref>Mollo, p. 146</ref>
| [[קובץ:Flag_of_Egypt_1922.svg|22px]] [[ממלכת מצרים]], [[קובץ:Syria-flag 1932-58 1961-63.svg|23px]] מנדט צרפתי בסוריה, [[קובץ:Flag of Iraq (1921–1959).svg|23px]] ממלכת [[עיראק]], [[קובץ:State Flag of Iran (1925).svg|23px]] [[איראן|שושלת פהלווי]], [[File:Lebanese French flag.svg|23px]] מנגט צרפתי [[לבנון הגדולה]], [[קובץ:Palestine-Mandate-Ensign-1927-1948.svg|23px]] [[המנדט הבריטי]]
| align=right | 46,000
| align=center | 1944–1947
| [[המרד היהודי נגד הבריטים]]
<ref name="davidcharles"/>
| [[קובץ:Palestine-Mandate-Ensign-1927-1948.svg|23px]] [[המנדט הבריטי]]
| align=right | 399-449
| align=center | 1946
| [[פרעות סטודנטים מצריים (1946)]]
<ref>Ikhwanweb. [http://www.ikhwanweb.com/article.php?id=19417 Ikhwanweb]</ref><ref>Ahmed Abdalla, ''The Student Movement and National Politics in Egypt 1923–1973''. 2008: pp. 64–77 (1946: The Climax)</ref>
| [[קובץ:Flag_of_Egypt_1922.svg|22px]] [[ממלכת מצרים]]
| align=right | 100-300
| align=center | 1946–1947
| [[משבר איראן (1946)|משבר איראן (1946)]]
<ref name="warlist">{{cite web|url=http://www.systemicpeace.org/warlist.htm |title=CSP – Major Episodes of Political Violence, 1946–2008 |publisher=Systemicpeace.org |date= |accessdate=2011-02-01}}</ref><ref name=narrative/>{{ref|e|[e]}}
| [[קובץ:State Flag of Iran (1925).svg|23px]] [[איראן|שושלת פהלווי]], [[קובץ:Flag of Kurdistan.svg|22px]] רפובליקה מהבאד, ממשלת העם האזרית
| align=right | 2,000
| align=center | 1947–1948
| [[מרד אלואזירי בתימן]]
<ref name="warlist"/>
| [[קובץ:Flag of the Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen.svg|23px]] ממלכת מוטאווקילים בתימן
| align=right | 4,000-5,000
| align=center | 1952
| [[מהפכת הקצינים החופשיים]]
<ref name="warlist"/>
| [[קובץ:Flag_of_Egypt_1922.svg|22px]] [[ממלכת מצרים]]
| align=right | 1,000
| align=center | 1953
| [[הפיכה באיראן (1953)]]
<ref name="warlist"/><ref name=narrative/><ref>[http://books.google.co.il/books?id=8eUTLaaVOOQC&pg=PA140&lpg=PA140&dq=1935+imam+reza+shrine+killed&source=bl&ots=vARKxs9xgG&sig=964u708QgDsrS7gT4gdYIAE-QGw&hl=iw&ei=6LWITujrFrD74QSImpiSDw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=8&ved=0CGQQ6AEwBw#v=onepage&q=killed&f=false] 300 killed</ref>
| [[קובץ:State Flag of Iran (1925).svg|23px]] [[איראן|שושלת פהלווי]]
| align=right | 300-800
| align=center | 1954–1960
| [[מלחמת ג'בל אחדאר]]
<ref name=narrative/>
| [[קובץ:Flag of Muscat.svg|23px]] סולטאנאט מוסקאט ועומאן
| align=right | 100-523
| align=center | 1955–1959
| [[אלימות עדתית בקפריסין]]
<ref name="davidcharles"/><ref name=warstat7>{{cite web|url=http://users.erols.com/mwhite28/warstat7.htm |title=Twentieth Century Atlas – Death Tolls |publisher=Users.erols.com |date= |accessdate=2011-02-01}}</ref>
| מדינת חסות קפריסין, {{דגל|קפריסין}} [[קפריסין]]
| align=right | 400-600
| align=center | 1956–1960
| [[אלימות שבטית בתימן ואדן]]
<ref name="warlist"/>
| מדינת חסות [[אדן]]
| align=right | 1,000
| align=center | 1958
| [[משבר לבנון (1958)]]
<ref name="warlist"/><ref name="google.com"/><ref name="warstat7"/>
| {{דגל|לבנון}} [[לבנון]]
| align=right | 1,300-4,000
| align=center | 1958
| [[הפיכת 14 ביולי בעיראק]]
<ref name="warlist"/>
| [[קובץ:Flag of the Arab Federation.svg|22px]] פדרציה ערבית
| align=right | 100
| align=center | 1959
| [[מרד מוסול]]
<ref name="warlist"/>
| [[קובץ:Flag of the Arab Federation.svg|22px]] פדרציה ערבית
| align=right | 2,000-4,000
| align=center | 1962–1970
| [[מלחמת האזרחים בצפון תימן]]
<nowiki><ref name="warstat4"/></nowiki><ref>[http://www.humansecuritygateway.com/documents/WINEP_YemensWarOnTerror.pdf] "Since
1965, the Libyan-backed Front for the Liberation of Occupied South Yemen and the National Liberation Front had unleashed brutal violence on British forces in the south. In the end, the conflict claimed some 200,000 lives."</ref>{{ref|g|[g]}}
| {{דגל|צפון תימן}} [[צפון תימן]]
| align=right | 100,000-200,000
| align=center | 1962–1975
| [[מרד דופאר]]
<ref name=narrative/>
| {{דגל|עומאן}} [[עומאן]]
| align=right | 10,000
| align=center | 1963
| [[המהפכה הלבנה]]
<ref name=narrative/>
| [[קובץ:State Flag of Iran (1925).svg|23px]] [[איראן|שושלת פהלווי]]
| align=right | 100
| align=center | 1963
| [[הפיכת הבעת' בסוריה (1963)]]
<ref>Derek Hopwood. ''Syria 1945–1986: Politics and society''. Unwin Himan ltd., 1988: p.45.</ref>
| {{דגל|סוריה}} [[סוריה]]
| align=right | 820
| align=center | 1963–1967
| [[בדלנות באדן]]
<ref>J.E.Peterson, ''British Counter-Insurgency Campaigns and Iraq.'' August 2009: p.12.</ref>
| {{דגל|דרום תימן}} [[דרום תימן]], [[קובץ:Flag of the Federation of South Arabia.svg|22px]] [[פדרציה של דרום ערב]]
| align=right | 2,096
| align=center | 1964
| [[פרעות חמאת (1964)]]
<ref name="Seale.p93">Seale, Patrick, ''Asad, the Struggle for the Middle East'', University of California Press, 1989, p.93</ref><ref>James A.Paul et. al. ''Human Rights in Syria''. Middle East Watch Organization, 1990: p.10.</ref>
| {{דגל|סוריה}} [[סוריה]]
| align=right | 70-100
| align=center | 1966
| [[הפיכה בסוריה (1966)]]
<ref name=narrative/>
| {{דגל|סוריה}} [[סוריה]]
| align=right | 400
| align=center | 1970–1971
| [[ספטמבר השחור|הספטמבר השחור בירדן]]
<ref name="warstat7"/>
| {{דגל|ירדן}} [[ירדן]]
| align=right | 2,000-25,000
| align=center | 1974
| [[פלישת טורקיה לקפריסין]]
<ref name=guo/><ref>John J. Mearsheimer (Aug. 1990 Atlantic Monthly). "1,500 to 5,000 killed"</ref>
| {{דגל|קפריסין}} [[קפריסין]]
| align=right | 1,500-5,000
| align=center | 1975–1990
| [[מלחמת האזרחים בלבנון]]
<ref name=warstat3>[http://necrometrics.com/20c100k.htm]</ref>
| {{דגל|לבנון}} [[לבנון]]
| align=right | 150,000
| align=center | 1976–1979
| [[אלימות פוליטית בטורקיה (1976-79)]]
<ref name=Gil>Gil, Ata. ''La Turquie à marche forcée, [[Le Monde diplomatique]]'', February 1981.</ref><ref>Devrimci Yol Savunması, ''Defense of the Revolutionary Path.'' Ankara, January 1989, pp. 118–119.</ref><ref>[http://english.aljazeera.net/news/europe/2010/09/2010913172313425174.html] Al-Jazeera</ref>
| {{דגל|טורקיה}} [[טורקיה]]
| align=right | 5,000-5,388
| align=center | 1976–1982
| [[המרד האיסלאמי בסוריה]]
<ref name=globalsecurityhama>{{cite web|author=John Pike |url=http://www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/world/syria/hama.htm |title=Hama |publisher=Globalsecurity.org |date= |accessdate=2011-02-01}}</ref>
| {{דגל|סוריה}} [[סוריה]]
| align=right | 40,000
| align=center | 1977
| [[מהומות הלחם (מצרים)]]
<ref>[http://libcom.org/history/1977-egypts-bread-intifada] Libcom.</ref><ref>[http://www.dailystaregypt.com/article.aspx?ArticleID=5112 Daily Star Egypt] Daily Star Egypt.</ref>
| {{דגל|מצרים}} [[מצרים]]
| align=right | 70-800
| align=center | 1979
| [[המהפכה האיראנית|המהפכה האיראנית (1979)]]
<ref name=Baghi>[http://www.emadbaghi.com/en/archives/000592.php#more A Question of Numbers Web: IranianVoice.org August 08, 2003 Rouzegar-Now Cyrus Kadivar ]</ref><ref>E. Baqi, `Figures for the Dead in the Revolution`, ''Emruz'', July 30, 2003</ref>
| {{דגל|איראן}} [[איראן]]
| align=right | 3,164-60,000
| align=center | 1979–1983
|| [[מרד באל-קטיף]]
<ref>{{cite news|author=By JAY PETERZELL|url=http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,971225,00.html |title=The Gulf: Shi'Ites: Poorer Cousins |publisher=TIME |date=1990-09-24 |accessdate=2011-02-01}}</ref>
|| {{דגל|ערב הסעודית}} [[ערב הסעודית]]
| align=right | 182-219
| align=center | 1979
|| [[הסתערות על המסגד הגדול במכה]]
<ref>{{cite news|last=Riyadh|title=63 Zealots beheaded for seizing Mosque|url=http://news.google.co.uk/newspapers?id=wesNAAAAIBAJ&sjid=rG0DAAAAIBAJ&pg=6824,1266876&dq=grand-mosque&hl=en|accessdate=12 November 2010|newspaper=Pittsburgh Post-Gazette|date=10 January 1980}}</ref>
|| {{דגל|ערב הסעודית}} [[ערב הסעודית]]
| align=right | 307
| align=center | 1980
| [[ליל הגנראלים בטורקיה (1980)]]
<ref>[http://www.todayszaman.com/news-232513-turkey-tries-to-heal-coup-d%C3%A9tat-wounds.html] Todays Zaman. ''Turkey tries to heal coup detat wounds''. "During this coup 650,000 people were detained, prosecutors demanded the death penalty for 7,000 people, 517 were sentenced to death, and 50 were executed. A further 500 people died in prisons, some under suspicious circumstances, some during torture and others on hunger strikes. Sixteen prisoners were shot while attempting to escape. Official records say 74 others were killed during prison riots."</ref><ref>[http://english.aljazeera.net/news/europe/2010/09/2010913172313425174.html] AlJazeera</ref>
| {{דגל|טורקיה}} [[טורקיה]]
| align=right | 127-550
| align=center | 1980–1988
| [[מלחמת איראן-עיראק]]
<ref name=guo/><ref name=warstat2>{{cite web|url=http://users.erols.com/mwhite28/warstat2.htm#Iran-Iraq |title=Twentieth Century Atlas – Death Tolls |publisher=Users.erols.com |date= |accessdate=2011-02-01}}</ref>{{ref|j|[j]}}
| {{דגל|איראן}} [[איראן]], {{דגל|עיראק}} [[עיראק]], {{דגל|כווית}} [[כווית]]
| align=right | 1,000,000-1,250,000
| align=center | 1984–
| [[מרד מפלגת הפועלים של כורדיסטאן]]
<ref name=globalsecuritykurdistan>{{cite web|author=John Pike |url=http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/war/kurdistan.htm |title=Kurdistan - Kurdish Conflict |publisher=Globalsecurity.org |date= |accessdate=2011-02-01}}</ref>
| {{דגל|טורקיה}} [[טורקיה]], {{דגל|עיראק}} [[עיראק]], [[קובץ:Flag of Kurdistan.svg|22px]] [[כורדיסטאן]] העיראקית
| align=right | 30,000-100,000
| align=center | 1986
| [[מלחמת האזרחים בדרום תימן]]
<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.historyguy.com/wars_of_yemen.html |title=Wars and Conflicts of Yemen (1914–present) |publisher=The History Guy |date= |accessdate=2011-02-01}}</ref>
| {{דגל|דרום תימן}} [[דרום תימן]]
| align=right | 5,000-12,000
| align=center | 1986
| [[מהומות המתגייסים במצרים (1986)]]
<ref name="The Middle East & North Africa">Europa Publications Limited, ''The Middle East & North Africa'', Volume 50: p.303</ref>
| {{דגל|מצרים}} [[מצרים]]
| align=right | 107
| align=center | 1987
|| [[טבח במכה (1987)]]
<ref>K. McLachlan, Iran and the Continuing Crisis in the Persian Gulf. ''[[GeoJournal]]'', Vol.28, Issue 3, Nov. 1992, p.359; "400 Die as Iranian Marchers Battle Saudi Police in Mecca; Embassies Smashed in Tehran..." New York Times, 8/2/87</ref>
|| {{דגל|ערב הסעודית}} [[ערב הסעודית]]
| align=right | 402
| align=center | 1990–1991
| [[מלחמת המפרץ]]
<ref name=warstat3/>
| {{דגל|עיראק}} [[עיראק]], {{דגל|כווית}} [[כווית]]
| align=right | 40,000-57,000
| align=center | 1991
| [[מרידות 1991 בעיראק]]
<ref name=cline>Lawrence E. Cline. ''The Prospects of the Shia Insurgency Movement in Iraq.'' [http://etc.hil.unb.ca/ojs/index.php/JCS/article/viewFile/4311/4925]</ref><ref>[http://english.aljazeera.net/news/middleeast/2007/08/200852512244438973.html] AlJazeera</ref>
| {{דגל|עיראק}} [[עיראק]]
| align=right | 50,000-100,000
| align=center | 1992–2000
| [[טרור איסלאמי במצרים (1992-2000)]]
<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.ploughshares.ca/libraries/ACRText/ACR-Egypt.html |title=Armed Conflicts Report – Egypt |publisher=Ploughshares.ca |date= |accessdate=2011-02-01}}</ref>
| {{דגל|מצרים}} [[מצרים]]
| align=right | 1,300-2,000
| align=center | 1998
| [[סכסוך באזורים אסורים לטיסה בעיראק]]
<ref name="davidcharles"/><ref name=warstat7/>
| {{דגל|עיראק}} [[עיראק]], [[קובץ:Flag of Kurdistan.svg|22px]] [[כורדיסטאן]] העיראקית
| align=right | 2,000
| align=center | 1999
| [[מרד א-סאדר (1999)]]
<ref name=narrative/><ref name=fractured>Matthew Duss and Peter Juul. ''The Fractured Shia of Iraq.'' Center for American Progress, January 2009. p.9.</ref>
| {{דגל|עיראק}} [[עיראק]]
| align=right | 100-200
| align=center | 2003–2011
| [[מלחמת עיראק]]
<ref name=ap2009apr24>Gamel, Kim (April 14, 2009). "AP Impact: Secret Tally Has 87,215 Iraqis Dead". ''[[Associated Press]]'' (''via'' [[ABC News]]).</ref><ref name=guardianlogs2>Leigh, David (October 22, 2010). [http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2010/oct/22/true-civilian-body-count-iraq "Iraq War Logs Reveal 15,000 Previously Unlisted Civilian Deaths — Leaked Pentagon Files Contain Records of More than 100,000 Fatalities Including 66,000 Civilians"]. ''[[The Guardian]]''. Retrieved November 20, 2010.</ref><ref name=guardianlogs3>Rogers, Simon(October 23, 2010). [http://www.guardian.co.uk/news/datablog/2010/oct/23/wikileaks-iraq-data-journalism "Wikileaks Iraq: Data Journalism Maps Every Death — Data Journalism Allows Us To Really Interrogate the Wikileaks Iraq War Logs Release. Here Is the Statistical Breakdown — and Data for You To Download"]. ''Data Blog — Facts Are Sacred'' ([[blog]] on ''[[The Guardian]]''). Retrieved November 20, 2010.</ref><ref name=guardianlogs>[http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/iraq-war-logs "Iraq: The War Logs"]. ''[[The Guardian]]''.</ref><ref name=aljazeeralogs2>Carlstrom, Gregg (October 22, 2010; last modified October 24, 2010 (at November 21, 2010)). [http://english.aljazeera.net/secretiraqfiles/2010/10/2010102217631317837.html "WikiLeaks Releases Secret Iraq File — Al Jazeera Accesses 400,000 Secret US Military Documents, Which Reveal the Inside Story of the Iraq War"]. ''[[Al Jazeera English]]''. Retrieved November 21, 2010.</ref><ref name=iraqbodycountlogs>[[Staff writer]] (October 23, 2010). [http://www.iraqbodycount.org/analysis/numbers/warlogs "Iraq War Logs: What the Numbers Reveal"]. [[Iraq Body Count]]. Retrieved November 20, 2010.</ref>
| {{דגל|עיראק}} [[עיראק]]
| align=right | 109,032-150,726
| align=center | 2003–2009
| [[בדלנות הבלוצ'ים באיראן]]
<ref name="cnsnews">{{cite web|last=Goodenough |first=Patrick |url=http://www.cnsnews.com/news/article/68098 |title=Iran Executes Insurgent Leader, Accused of Ties With American Intelligence |publisher=CNSnews.com |date=2010-06-20 |accessdate=2010-12-21}}</ref><ref name="washt400killed">{{cite news |last=Massoud |first=Ansari |coauthors= |title=Sunni group vows to behead Iranians |work= |pages= |language= |publisher=[[Washington Times]] |date=January 16, 2006 |url=http://www.washtimes.com/world/20060116-124019-6619r.htm |accessdate=2007-04-05}}</ref>
| {{דגל|איראן}} [[איראן]]
| align=right | 155-400
| align=center | 2004
| [[טבח קמישלי]]
<ref>MidEastWeb. ''Kurdish agony – the forgotten massacre of Qamishlo''. March 2004.[http://www.mideastweb.org/log/archives/00000231.htm] MidEastWeb</ref><ref>{{cite news| url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/4612993.stm | work=BBC News | title=Kurdish unrest erupts in Syria | date=2005-06-06}}</ref>
| {{דגל|סוריה}} [[סוריה]]
| align=right | 30-100
| align=center | 2004–2010
| [[בדלנות שיעים בתימן]]
<ref name="yemenpost.net">{{cite web|url=http://yemenpost.net/Detail123456789.aspx?ID=3&SubID=1722&MainCat=2 |title=Bloody 2009– Yemen Post English Newspaper Online |publisher=Yemenpost.net |date= |accessdate=2011-02-01}} "The long ongoing war in Sa’ada that has killed over 8000 Yemenis in 2009 alone."</ref><ref>''Armed Conflicts Report – Yemen''. Ploughshares.ca. [http://www.ploughshares.ca/libraries/ACRText/ACR-Yemen.htm#Status]. Retrieved 2009-11-09.</ref><ref>[http://books.google.nl/books?id=Sj81Eaxz-2kC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Regime+and+Periphery+in+Northern+Yemen:+The+Huthi+Phenomenon&hl=nl#v=onepage&q=25%2C000&f=false] Huthi sources put the number of casualties at 25,000</ref>
| {{דגל|תימן}} [[תימן]], {{דגל|ערב הסעודית}} [[ערב הסעודית]]
| align=right | 8,500-25,000
| align=center | 2006–
| [[עימות חמאס-פת"ח ברצועת עזה]]
<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-3409548,00.html |title=Over 600 Palestinians killed in internal clashes since 2006 |publisher=Ynetnews.com |date=1995-06-20 |accessdate=2011-02-01}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.pchrgaza.org/files/weapon/english/weapon_press.html |title=Palestinian Center for Human Rights |publisher=Pchrgaza.org |date= |accessdate=2011-02-01}}</ref>
| {{דגל|הרשות הפלסטינית}} [[הרשות הפלסטינית]]
| align=right | 600
| align=center | 2009–
| [[בדלנות בדרום תימן]]
<ref>Government casualties (AlJazeera) [http://www.alarabiya.net/articles/2011/01/20/134330.html]<br>[http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5gpQHbHPPIGbgzBxShvlEhgwurgLw]</ref>
| {{דגל|תימן}} [[תימן]]
| align=right | 1,554
| align=center | 2009–2010
| [[הבחירות באיראן ותנועת המחאה (2009)]]
<ref name="CNNCasualties">{{Cite news|url=http://edition.cnn.com/2009/WORLD/meast/06/20/iran.election/index.html |title=Chaos prevails as protesters, police clash in Iranian capital |publisher=CNN |date=2009-06-21}}</ref>
| {{דגל|איראן}} [[איראן]]
| align=right | 72-150
| align=center | 2010–
| [[מרד איסלאמי בתימן]]
<ref>[http://www.alarabiya.net/articles/2011/01/20/134330.html Government casualties] AlArabiya</ref><ref>Al-Qaeda casualties: Foxnews [http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,583399,00.html], NYTimes [http://www.nytimes.com/2010/01/05/world/middleeast/05yemen.html], Washangton Post [http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/01/13/AR2010011304284.html], Ynet News [http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-3837271,00.html]</ref>
| {{דגל|תימן}} [[תימן]]
| align=right | 2,200
| align=right | 200
|}
 
== נפגעים בסכסוכים ומלחמות משניים ==
[a].{{note|a}}[[Unification of Saudi Arabia]] (combined casualties 7,989–8,989+)
:[[Battle of Riyadh (1902)]] – 37 killed.
:[[Battle of Dilam]] (1903) – 410 killed.
:[[Saudi–Rashidi War]] (1903–1907) – 2,300+ killed.
:Annexation of Al-Hasa and Qatif (1913) - unknown.
:[[Battle of Jarrab]] (1915) - unknown.
:[[Battle of Kanzaan]] (1915) - unknown.
:[[Al-Khurma dispute|First Nejd-Hejaz War 1918-1919]] - 1,392 killed<ref name=narrative/>
:[[Kuwait-Najd Border War]] (1921) - 200<ref name=narrative>Political Science. ''Middle East/North Africa/Persian Gulf Region''. University of Central Arkansas. Retrieved 2011. [http://uca.edu/politicalscience/dadm-project/middle-eastnorth-africapersian-gulf-region/]</ref>-800 killed.
:1921 Ikhwan raid on Iraq - 700 killed.
:[[Conquest of Ha'il]] - unknown.
:[[Ikhwan raids on Transjordan]] 1922-1924 - 500<ref>Noel Joseph Guckian. ''British Relations with Trans-Jordan, 1920–1930''. University College of Wales, Aberystwyth. Ph.D Thesis: pp. 217–218. May 1985.</ref>-1,500 killed.
:[[Saudi conquest of Hejaz|Second Nejd-Hejaz War (1924-1925)]] - 450 killed.<ref name=narrative/>
:[[Ikhwan Revolt]] (1927-1930) - 2,000 killed.<ref name=narrative/>
 
[b].{{note|b}}[[Turkish War of Independence]] (combined figure 170,500-873,000+):
:Greco-Turkish War - 70,000–400,000 casualties<ref name=warstat3/>
:Franco-Turkish War - 40,000 casualties.
:Turkish-Armenian War - 60,000–432,500 casualties.<ref>Vahakn N. Dadrian. (2003). ''The History of the Armenian Genocide: Ethnic Conflict from the Balkans to Anatolia to the Caucasus''. New York: Berghahn Books, pp. 360–361. {{ISBN|1-57181-666-6}};</ref>
:Koçkiri Rebellion - 500 killed.
:[[Revolt of Ahmet Anzavur]] - unknown.
:[[Kuva-i Inzibatiye]] revolt - unknown.
 
[c].{{note|c}}[[Iraqi-Kurdish conflict]] (combined casualty figure 138,800-320,100) of:
:[[Mahmud Barzanji revolts]] - unknown.
:Ahmad Barzanji revolt (1931) - unknown.
:1943 Iraqi Kurdish revolt (1943) - unknown.
:[[First Kurdish-Iraqi War]] (1961-1970) - 75,000-105,000 killed.<ref name="warstat4">[http://users.erols.com/mwhite28/warstat4.htm]</ref><ref name=warstat3/>
:[[Second Kurdish-Iraqi War]] (1974-1975) - 9,000 killed.<ref name="casualties">[http://pards.org/2005/Iraq(Kurds)AtRisk).doc]</ref>
:[[PUK insurgency]] (1976-1978)- 800 killed.
:[[Kurdish Rebellion of 1983|Iraqi Kurdish uprising (1982-1988)]] - 50,000-198,000 killed.
:[[1991 Uprising in As Sulaymaniyah]] - 700-2,000 killed.
:[[Iraqi Kurdish Civil War]] (1994-1997) - 3,000<ref>Jordi Tejel. ''Syria's Kurds: history, politics and society''. 2009. p.156.</ref>-5,000 killed.
:[[2003 invasion of Iraq]] - several hundred killed (~300) on the Kurdish front, at least 24 Peshmerga killed.
 
[d].{{note|d}}[[Middle Eastern theatre of World War II]] (combined casualty figure 12,338-14,898+) of:
:[[Anglo-Iraqi War]] - at least 560 killed.<ref>{{cite web
|title=Habbaniya War Cemetery
|url=http://www.cwgc.org/search/cemetery_details.aspx?cemetery=2014801&mode=1
|publisher=Commonwealth War Graves Commission
|accessdate=12 August 2010
}}</ref><ref name="Wavell3438" >Wavell, p. 3438</ref>
:[[Farhud]] 175-780 killed.
:[[Syria-Lebanon Campaign]] 10,404-12,964 killed.
:[[Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran]] 100<ref name=narrative/>-1,062 killed.
:[[Bombing of Palestine in World War II]] 137 deaths.<ref>Maya Zamir, [http://www.tam.co.il/7_9_2007/magazin1.htm The Day of The bombing], ''[[Tel Aviv Magazine]]'', 7th of September 2007 {{he icon}} {{dead link|date=January 2011}}</ref>
:[[Bombing of Bahrain in World War II]] - unknown.
 
[e].{{note|e}}[[Iran crisis of 1946]] (combined casualty figure 1,921+):
:[[Azerbaijan People's Republic]] crisis - 421 killed.<ref>Nat. Arch. 891.00/1-1547, 15 January 1947. Touraj Atabaki, ''Azerbaijan: Ethnicity and the Struggle for Power in Iran''. [Revised Edition of Azerbaijan, Ethnicity and Autonomy in the Twentieth-Century Iran] London: I.B.Tauris, 2000. pg 227. "A British source cited by the US Embassy in Tehran gives the number of killed Democrats as 421. The American Embass’s report has been classified under wash."</ref>
:[[Republic of Mahabad]] crisis - ~1,000 killed.
:Civil interregnum - 500 killed.<ref>Tadeusz Swietochowski, ''Russia and Azerbaijan: A Borderland in Transition.'' New York: Columbia. University Press, 1995. p. 154. "Rossow conservatively estimated 500 killed during the lawless interregnum that preceded the coming of the Iranian troops. Hundreds of others were tried and jailed, and scores were hanged."</ref>
 
[f].{{note|f}}[[Arab-Israeli conflict]] (combined casualty figure 73,338-84,338+):<br>
:Israeli-Palestinian conflict (1947-present) - 20,000 killed.
::1947 Civil War in Palestine
::Fedayeen attacks and retribution operations
::Palestinian insurgency in South Lebanon
::First Intifada
::Second Intifada
::Gaza-Israel conflict
:Arab-Israeli War (1948-1949) - 14,400 casualties.
:Retribution Operations (1950s) - 3,456 casualties.
:Suez War (1956) - 3,203 killed.
:Six Day War (1967) - 13,976 killed.
:War of Attrition (1967-1970) - 6,403 killed.
:Yom Kippur War (1973) 10,000–21,000.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.thenagain.info/webchron/middleeast/YomKippurWar.html |title=The Yom Kippur War |publisher=thenagain.info}}</ref>
:Second Lebanon War - 1,900 killed.
 
[g].{{note|g}}[[North Yemen Civil War]] (combined 100,000-200,000 casualties):
:[[North Yemen Civil War#Coup d.27etat|1962 Coup d'état in Yemen]]
:[[North Yemen Civil War#Ramadan offensive|Ramadan offensive]]
:[[North Yemen Civil War#Haradh offensive|Haradh offensive]]
:[[North Yemen Civil War#Royalist offensive|Royalist offensive]] 1965
:[[North Yemen Civil War#Siege of San'a|Siege of Sana'a]] 1967
 
[h].{{note|h}}[[Lebanese Civil War]] (combined 39,132-43,970+ mortal casualties):
:[[Bus massacre]] - 27 killed.
:[[Hundred Days' War]] - 160 killed.
:[[Karantina massacre]] - 1,000-1,500 killed.
:[[Damour massacre]] - 684 killed.
:[[Battle of the Hotels]] - 700 killed.
:[[Black Saturday (Lebanon)]] - 200-600 killed.
:[[Tel al-Zaatar massacre]] - 1,778-3,278 killed.
:[[1982 Lebanon War]] - 28,280 killed.
:[[Sabra and Shatila massacre]] - 762-3,500 killed.
:[[War of the Camps]] (1986-1987) - 3,781 killed.
:[[Mountain War]] - 1,600 killed.
:[[Lebanese Civil War#Aoun's "War of Liberation"|War of Liberation]] (1989-1990) - unknown.
:[[October 13 massacre]] - 500-700 killed, 260 civilians massacred.
 
[i].{{note|i}}[[Consolidation of the Iranian Revolution]] (combined fatalities count 12,000):
:[[1979 Kurdish rebellion in Iran]] - 10,171+ killed and executed.<ref>{{cite web| title = The History Guy | url = http://www.historyguy.com/wars_of_iran.htm | accessdate = 2010-07-26}}</ref><ref name=mcdowall>David McDowall. ''A Modern History of the Kurds'' (1996)</ref>
:[[1979 Khuzestan uprising]] - 112+ killed.
:[[1979 Khorasan uprising]] - unknown.
:[[1979 Azeri uprising]] - unknown.
:[[1979 Baluchistan uprising]] - 50 killed.
:[[Iran hostage crisis]] - 9 killed.
:1979-1980 Tehran clashes - unknown.
 
[j].{{note|j}}[[Iran-Iraq war]] (combined death count 645,000-823,000+):
:[[Iran-Iraq War#1980: Iraqi invasion|Iraqi invasion]] 1980
:[[People's Mujahedin of Iran#Armed conflict with the Islamic government|Mujahedin al-Halq uprising]] 1981-1982
:[[Liberation of Khorramshahr]] 1982 - 17,000 killed
:[[Operation Undeniable Victory]] 1982 - 50,000 mortal casualties
:[[Operation Ramadan]] 1982 - 80,000 killed
:[[Kurdish Rebellion of 1983|Kurdish Rebellion 1983-1988]] (including the [[Al-Anfal Campaign]]) 50,000-198,000 killed
:[[Operation Before the Dawn]] 1983 - 6,000+ killed
:[[Operation Dawn 3]] - 162,000 killed
:[[Operation Dawn 5]] 1984 - 50,000 killed
:[[Operation Dawn 6]] 1984 - unknown
:[[Operation Khaibar]] 1984 - 49,000 killed
:[[Iran-Iraq War#1984: 'Tanker War' in Persian Gulf|Tanker War]] 1984
:[[Operation Badr (1985)]] - 30,000-32,000
:[[Iran-Iraq War#War of the cities|War of the Cities]] 1985-1987
:[[Operation Dawn-8]] 1986 - unknown
:[[Operation Karbala-4]] 1986 - 15,000 killed
:[[Operation Karbala-5]] - 85,000 killed
:[[Operation Nasr 4]] - unknown
:[[Operation Karbala-10]] - unknown
:[[Operation Mersad]] 1987 - 4,900 killed
:[[1988 executions of Iranian political prisoners]] 2,000<ref>[http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/asset/MDE13/021/1990/en/5c32759d-ee5e-11dd-9381-bdd29f83d3a8/mde130211990en.html]</ref> - 30,000 executed
 
[k].{{note|k}}[[Iraq War]] (combined casualty figure of 86,000-101,000):
:[[2003 invasion of Iraq]] - 35,000 killed
:[[Iraqi insurgency (2003–2006)]] - 15,000 killed
:[[Civil war in Iraq]] 2006-2008 - 30,000-40,000 killed
:[[Iraqi insurgency|Iraqi insurgency (2008-2011)]] - 5,000-10,000 killed
::[[Withdrawal of U.S. troops from Iraq]] - ~1,000 killed
:[[Iraqi insurgency|Iraqi insurgency (post US withdrawal)]] - 878-1,180 killed
 
[l].{{note|l}}[[Arab Spring]] in Syria, Yemen, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Oman and Bahrain (combined fatalities figure 33,000-38,000+):
:[[2011-2012 Syrian uprising]] - 30,000-35,000 killed
:[[2011 Yemeni uprising]] - 2,000 killed
:Egyptian crisis
::[[2011 Egyptian revolution]] - 846 killed
::[[Timeline of the 2011 Egyptian revolution under Supreme Council of the Armed Forces|Aftermath of the Egyptian Revolution]] - 300+ killed
:[[Bahraini uprising (2011–present)]] - 89 killed <!--visit "Casualties of the Bahraini uprising (2011–present)" for full references-->
:Lebanon
::[[2011 Lebanese protests]] - 1 killed
:[[2011 Omani protests]] - 2-6 killed
:[[2011 Saudi Arabian protests]] - 18 killed
:[[2011 Iraqi protests]] - 35 killed
:[[2011 Khuzestan protests]] - 12-15 killed
 
==ראה גם==
{{תקציר פורטל|המזרח התיכון}}
להוסיף
Lists of wars in World (by date, region, type of conflict)
Lists of wars and conflict by region
Lists of battles (Orders)
List of active rebel groups
List of events named massacres
List of number of conflicts per year
List of most lethal battles in world history
Africa :
List of conflicts in Africa (Military history of Africa)
List of modern conflicts in North Africa (Maghreb)
Conflicts in the Horn of Africa (East region)
Americas :
List of conflicts in North America
List of wars involving the United States
List of conflicts in Central America
List of conflicts in South America
Asia :
List of conflicts in Asia
List of conflicts in the Near East
List of conflicts in the Middle East
List of modern conflicts in the Middle East
Europe :
List of conflicts in Europe
Post-Cold War European conflicts
Ongoing conflicts in World :
List of ongoing protests
List of ongoing armed conflicts
List of wars 2011–present
Ongoing military conflicts
 
==קישורים חיצוניים==
[להוסיף]
{{תקציר פורטל|המזרח התיכון}}
{פורטל:צבא}
{פורטל:המזרח התיכון}
 
[[קטגוריה:מלחמות]]
[להוסיף קישורים למאגרי ויקימדיה בנושא]
[[קטגוריה:המזרח התיכון]]
 
[קטגוריה:מלחמות]
[קטגוריה:המזרח התיכון]
 
[en:List of modern conflicts in the Middle East]
 
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