הבדלים בין גרסאות בדף "המוזיאון לארכאולוגיה ואנתרופולוגיה של אוניברסיטת פנסילבניה"

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==אוספי המוזיאון==
במוזיאון אוספים נרחבים מ[[מצרים העתיקה]] (ובהם פסלים, [[תגליף|תגליפים]] ו[[מומיה|מומיות]], ואף [[ספינקס]] שלם מארמונו של [[פרעה]] [[מרנפתח]]), [[סין]] (בין היתר מוצגים פסלים, ציורים, וכן כדור [[בדולח]] שהיה שייך ל[[הקיסרית האלמנה קישי|קיסרית קישי]]) ו[[המזרח התיכון]] (ובהם פסלים מ[[אור כשדים]], כתרים, כלי מוזיקה ותכשיטים [[שומר]]ים), וכן יצירות אמנות מ[[יוון העתיקה]] ו[[רומא העתיקה]], [[אמנות פרה קולומביאנית]], אמנות של תרבות ה[[מאיה]] (מחפירות שנערכו בעיר [[טיקל]] שב[[גוואטמלה]] בין השנים [[1956]] -[[1970]] על ידי צוותי האוניברסיטה) ו[[אמנות בודהיסטית]]. אוספים קטנים נוספים הם אוספי האמנות האפריקאית.
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The UPM features a variety of comprehensive collections including galleries of artifacts from [[Egypt]], [[China]] and [[Mesopotamia]]. Other highlights include a number of important [[Greco-Roman]] antiquities, [[Buddhist art]], a small but choice collection of African art, and an impressive array of Mayan and other [[Pre-Columbian]] pieces.
 
===Egypt===
The museum's collection of [[ancient Egyptian|Egyptian]] artifacts is considered one of the finest in the world. The UPM's Egyptian galleries house an extensive collection of statuary, mummies, and reliefs. Most notably, the museum houses a set of architectural elements, including large columns and a sphinx, from the palace of the [[Pharaoh]] [[Merenptah]]. These were excavated by a UPM expedition to Egypt in 1915.
 
{{Egyptian museum collections}}
 
===China===
Also of note is the UPM's large gallery of Chinese cultures. This gallery is impressive both for its collection and its location in the museum. The Chinese collection is housed in a spacious gallery underneath the museum's Harrison rotunda, which measures ninety feet across and ninety feet from the floor and is one of the largest unsupported masonry domes in the nation. This gallery houses large paintings and sculptures, as well as a perfectly spherical carved Chinese [[crystal]] which belonged to [[Empress Dowager Cixi]] &mdash; one of the finest in existence. <ref>{{cite news|title = The Chinese Rotunda: A stunning setting for a remarkable collection|publisher= Museum Homepage|url=http://www.museum.upenn.edu/new/exhibits/galleries/china.html}}</ref> Along with an Egyptian status of [[Osiris]], the crystal ball was stolen in 1988, and its elegant silver stand, a stylized ocean wave, was found in a culvert not far from the Museum. The items were recovered in 1991 after a former museum staff member saw the statue in an area antique shop; the crystal ball was traced to a home in New Jersey and returned to the Museum.<ref>{{cite news | last=Gibbons, Jr. | first=Thomas J. | title=Treasures Stolen from the Museum are Recovered after Three Years | date=30 October 1991 | publisher=The Philadelphia Inquirer}}</ref>
 
===Mesopotamia===
The museum's most important collection is arguably that of the Royal Tombs of [[Ur]], which The University of Pennsylvania co–excavated with the [[British Museum]] in [[Iraq]]. Ur was an important and wealthy city-state in ancient Sumer, and the artifacts from its royal tombs showcase the city's wealth. The collections consists of a variety of crowns, figures, and musical instruments, many of which have been inlaid with gold and precious stones. The often traveling collection includes a well known Bull-headed [[lyre]].
===Mesoamerica===
The UPM conducted an excavation of the [[Mayan civilization|Mayan]] city of [[Tikal]], [[Guatemala]] from 1956 to 1970. Many important artifacts from this excavation are on view in the museum, along with several [[stelae]] from the contemporary cities of [[Caracol]] and [[Piedras Negras]]. The gallery also displays many Aztecan, Oaxacan, and Teotihuacano artifacts.
 
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==קישורים חיצוניים==
*[http://www.museum.upenn.edu/ אתר רשמי]