איגרת פטרוס השנייה – הבדלי גרסאות

(←‏תוכן: מויקיאנגלית)
 
== תיארוך האיגרת ==
מועד כתיבת האיגרת תלוי בזיהוי כותבה. אם פטרוס כתב את האיגרת - הרי שזו נכתבה קודם למותו בשנת [[65]] לערך. האיגרת מתייחסת ל[[איגרות פאולוס]] ולכן נכתבה אחריהם. מרבית החוקירם מעריכים שהאיגרת נכתבה בין שנת [[100]] ל-[[150]] לספירה.
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The questions of authorship and date are closely related. Self-evidently if Peter the Apostle wrote this [[epistle]] then it must have been written prior to his death in ''c'' 65–67AD. The letter refers to the [[Pauline epistles]] and so must post-date them, regardless of authorship, thus a date before 60 is not probable.
 
Many scholars generally consider the epistle to be written between ''c'' 100–150AD<ref> Chester, A & Martin, RP, (1994), The Theology of the letters of James, Peter & Jude, CUP, p.144</ref> and so contend that it is [[Pseudepigraphy| pseudepigraphical]]. For an argument for a late date see Harris.<ref>[[Stephen L Harris|Harris, Stephen L.]]. Understanding the Bible: a reader's introduction, 2nd ed. Palo Alto: Mayfield. 1985. p. 354</ref> For a 'middle date' see Bauckham who opts for a date between 80–90AD as most probable.<ref> Bauckham, RJ (1983), World Bible Commentary, Vol.50, Jude-2 Peter, Waco, p.158</ref> For an early date and (usually) for a defense of the Apostle Peter's authorship see Kruger,<ref> [http://www.etsjets.org/jets/journal/42/42-4/42-4-pp645-671_JETS.pdf Kruger, MJ, (1999) “The Authenticity of 2 Peter,” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 42.4, p.645-671] </ref> Zahn,<ref>e.g. S. T. Zahn, ''Introduction to the New Testament'' II p. 250</ref> Spitta,<ref> F. Spitta, ''Der Zweite Brief des Petrus und der Brief des Judas'' (1885)</ref> Bigg,<ref> C. Bigg, ‘The Epistles of St Peter and St Jude’, in ''International Critical Commentary''</ref> and Green.<ref> E. M. B. Green, ''2 Peter Reconsidered'' (1961) and other works.</ref> Jeremy Duff argues that the various strands of evidence "point towards the period 60–130 CE, with some reason to favour 80–90 CE."<ref>Jeremy Duff. "2 Peter". ''[[Oxford Bible Commentary]]''. Oxford University Press. 2001.</ref>
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== חלק מהברית החדשה ==
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