== קורות חיים ==
Knowledge of Tyler's early life is very limited, and derives mostly through the records of his enemies. Historians believe he was born in [[Essex]], but are not sure why he crossed the [[Thames Estuary]] to [[Kent]], whence he led the revolt.<br />
(See also: [[Fobbing]] and [[Pitsea#Tourism|Wat Tyler country park, Pitsea]])
== The Peasants' Revolt ==
With news of rebellions of the [[lower classes]] in [[France in the Middle Ages|France]] and [[Flanders]], the English readied for an insurrection. [[John Ball (priest)|John Ball]], [[Jack Straw (rebel leader)|Jack Straw]] and others advocated for the destruction of the hierarchical [[feudal system]]. Ball, like Tyler, held egalitarian values, though the [[medieval]] historian [[Jean Froissart]] describes Ball as insane. Other contemporaries suggest that he was involved with the [[Lollard]] movement. Such harsh, often unfounded attitudes toward the rebels are common among chroniclers as they belonged to the educated upper classes, usually the targets of rebellion and not supporters of it. Thus, it is difficult to get an accurate sense of the actual aims and goals of rebels as their side of the story is not represented in historical accounts.
[[Richard II of England|Richard II]] ascended to power after the death of [[Edward III of England|Edward III]]; he was only 14 at the time of the rebellion. Since he was a minor, the Dukes of [[Duke of Lancaster|Lancaster]], [[Duke of York|York]], and [[Duke of Gloucester|Gloucester]] governed in his name. These officials were the main targets of the rebels, who held that they were traitors to the king and undermined his authority. Several unsuccessful expeditions against France added to the burden on the English [[working class]]. The government resolved on a [[poll tax]] of three [[groat (coin)|groat]]s, which outraged the people because it was the same for rich and poor.
Reacting to the introduction of the oppressive poll tax, which the king had imposed because not enough income had been collected the previous year, Tyler led a force of peasants in taking [[Canterbury]], before advancing on to Blackheath, outside London. Tyler then entered the city of London at the head of a peasant army estimated at numbering over 50,000 men. After crossing London Bridge without resistance, the rebels then gained entry to the Tower of London and captured [[Simon Sudbury]], the unpopular Archbishop of Canterbury, before proceeding to behead him and several of his followers. The rebels also destroyed the Savoy palace during subsequent rioting and killed the king's uncle. [[Richard of Wallingford (constable)|Richard of Wallingford]] presented a charter to King Richard II on behalf of Tyler. The king met the rebel army at [[Mile End]] and promised to address the peasants' grievances, which included the unpopular taxes.
Twenty thousand people assembled at [[Smithfield, London|Smithfield]]. Richard II, who was 15 years old at the time, agreed to meet the leaders of the revolt, and listen to their demands. Wat Tyler decided to ride out alone and parlay with the King. What was said between Wat Tyler and the King is largely conjecture and little is known of the exact details of the encounter; however, according to one popular account it would appear that the Lord Mayor of London, Sir William Walworth, took exception to Wat's attitude, because the Mayor quickly drew his sword, and slashed the unarmed Wat Tyler to the ground. In the next instant, the body was stabbed by one of the King's esquires, Ralph de Standish.
== Consequences of the Revolt ==
A red dagger symbol seen in the [[coat of arms]] of the [[City of London]] and the [[City of London Corporation]] is believed by some to represent the dagger of the Lord Mayor and thus celebrate the killing of Tyler. It is more likely, however, to represent the [[martyr]]dom of [[Paul of Tarsus|St Paul]], London's [[patron saint]].
A country park next to the [[Thames Estuary]] in [[Basildon, Essex]] is named [[Wat Tyler Country Park]]. There is also a [[public house]] in [[Dartford, Kent]] named the Wat Tyler, reputed to have been used by the eponymous rebel when the peasant army camped on [[East Hill, Dartford]] en route to Blackheath. At least two roads are named for him: a road in [[Maidstone]] named [[Wat Tyler Way]], and one on the western edge of [[Blackheath, London|Blackheath]] called [http://maps.google.com/maps?f=q&source=s_q&hl=en&geocode=&q=wat+tyler+road,+blackheath,+london,+uk&sll=37.0625,-95.677068&sspn=33.077336,75.761719&ie=UTF8&hq=&hnear=Wat+Tyler+Rd,+London+SE3,+United+Kingdom&t=h&z=16 Wat Tyler Road].
* [http://www.historyguide.org/ancient/wat_tyler.html תיאור פגישת ווט טיילר עם המלך ריצ'רד]